Public Data and Reproducible Bioinformatics

Table of Contents

This page serves public (and often reproducible) data items that underlie key findings in our publications.

If you would like to interactively explore any of the data items, you may need to install anvi’o or use it via our Docker containers without installation. See anvi’o programs and artifacts that can be used to further explore reproducible data items below.

Please do not hesitate to get in touch if something is missing. You can send us an e-mail, or find us on Discord:

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Bonus blog post: Fantastic Data and How to Share Them: A Plea to Journal Editors and Reviewers.

Metabolic independence of the gut microbiome

Microbes with higher metabolic independence are enriched in human gut microbiomes under stress Veseli I, Chen YT, Schechter MS, Vanni C, Fogarty EC, Watson AR, Jabri B, Blekhman R, Willis AD, Yu MK, Fernàndez-Guerra A, Füssel J, Eren AM
- A study that describes a method to estimate metabolic pathway redundancy from metagenomes.
- Demonstrates high metabolic independence of the gut microbiome in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease via an analysis of hundreds of publicly-available gut metagenomes and reference genomes.
- Presents a logistic regression classifier that differentiates between individuals with IBD and healthy people using metabolic pathways associated with high metabolic independence.
-Shows the relevance of high metabolic independence for microbial resilience in general gut stress via the application of the classifier to an antibiotic time-series.
bioRxiv 🔗

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our reproducible workflow.

Structure-informed microbial population genetics

Structure-informed microbial population genetics elucidate selective pressures that shape protein evolution Kiefl E, Esen ÖC, Miller SE, Kroll KL, Willis AD, Rappé MS, Pan T, Eren AM
- A study that describes an approach to integrate environmental microbiology with recent advances in protein structure prediction, and illustrates the tight association between intra-population genetic variants, environmental selective pressures, and structural properties of proteins.
- Demonstrates a quantifiable link between (1) the magnitude of selective pressures over key metabolic genes (e.g., glutamine synthase of the central nitrogen metabolism), (2) the availability of key nutrients in the environment (e.g., nitrate), and (3) the maintenance of nonsynonymous variants near protein active sites.
- Shows that the interplay between selective pressures and protein structures also maintains synonymous variants -- revealing a quantifiable link between translational accuracy and fluctuating selective pressures.
- Comes with a reproducible bioinformatics workflow that offers detailed access to computational steps used in the study that spans from metagenomic read recruitment and profiling to the integration of environmental variants and predicted protein structures.
📚 Science Advances, 9(8):eabq4632 | 🔍 Google Scholar | 🔗 doi:10.1126/sciadv.abq4632

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our bioinformatics workflow.

Studying hypervariability in genomes through metagenomes

Eco-evolutionary significance of domesticated retroelements in microbial genomes Paul BG, Eren AM
- A short review on retrons and diversity-generating retro elements, some of the most beautiful and mysterious ways for life to beat the boring means of evolution and skip ahead.
- Demonstrates a workflow that gives access to the extent intra-population hypervariability of DGRs and their ecology through the analysis of metagenomes.
- A complete bioinformatics workflow that uses anvi'o and oligotyping to study DGR activity in metageomes is available here.
📚 Mobile DNA, 13(6) | 🔍 Google Scholar | 🔗 doi:10.1186/s13100-022-00262-6

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our bioinformatics workflow.

High molecular weight DNA extraction protocols

High molecular weight DNA extraction strategies for long-read sequencing of complex metagenomes Trigodet F, Lolans K, Fogarty E, Shaiber A, Morrison HG, Barreiro L, Jabri B, Eren AM
- A study that benchmarks six high molecular weight DNA extraction strategies (commercially available kits, phenol-chloroform extraction, and agarose encasement followed by agarase digestion) for long-read sequencing of metagenomes with MinION.
- It turns out the protocol that works best for sequencing DNA from microbial isolates may not be the most effetive method for long-read sequencing of metagenomes ¯\_(ツ)_/¯
- A reproducible bioinformatics workflow is available here. Detailed lab protocols for HMW DNA extraction methods mentioned in the study are here.
📚 Molecular Ecology Resources, 22(5):1786-1802 | 🔍 Google Scholar | 🔗 doi:10.1111/1755-0998.13588

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our bioinformatics workflow.

Detailed lab protocol gives access to detailed lab protocols.

Raw and/or reproducible data items

The genetic and ecological landscape of plasmids in the human gut

The genetic and ecological landscape of plasmids in the human gut Yu MK, Fogarty EC, Eren AM Co-first authors
- A study that aims to shed light on the ecology and evolution of one of the most critical yet poorly studied aspects of microbial life: naturally occurring plasmids.
- Uses state-of-the-art machine learning strategies to identify over 60,000 plasmids from human gut metagenomes, which represents a 200-fold increase in the number of known plasmids to date that were detectable in healthy humans.
- Defines hundreds of 'plasmid systems', and demonstrates that naturally occurring plasmids are not static entities, but their evolution is driven by the need to respond to the environment, and their ecology cannot be simply explained by bacterial taxonomy and distribution patterns of their putative hosts.
bioRxiv 🔗

Raw and/or reproducible data items

  • doi:10.5281/zenodo.5732024 gives access to reference plasmids and chromosomes used for training as well as the annotations of genes that are identified in them.
  • doi:10.5281/zenodo.5732447 gives access to the PlasX model, data for known as well as predicted plasmids, plasmid systems, and other key intermediate data files such as plasmid pairwise alignments and MMSeqs clusters.
  • doi:10.5281/zenodo.5730607 serves information on all metagenomes used in our study to predict plasmids, including assembled contigs per metagenome as well as estimated abundances of taxa in them.
  • doi:10.5281/zenodo.5730987 serves every gene call in contigs from publicly available gut metagenomes we used. Annotations of these genes based on COGs, PFAM domains, and MMseqs clusters are also available at doi:10.5281/zenodo.5731658.
  • We deposited the long- and short-read sequencing data from Bacteroides fragilis isolates under the NCBI BioProject PRJNA782184.
  • The source code for PlasX, the machine learning algorithm to perform plasmid prediction is available through its GitHub repository here, and the source code for MobMess, the software tool for mobile element seqeuence dereplication is availble through its GitHub repository here.

Metabolic competency of gut microbes in health and disease

Metabolic independence drives gut microbial colonization and resilience in health and disease Watson AR, Fuessel J, Veseli I, DeLongchamp JZ, Silva M, Trigodet F, Lolans K, Shaiber A, Fogarty E, Runde JM, Quince C, Yu MK, Söylev A, Morrison HG, Lee STM, Kao D, Rubin DT, Jabri B, Louie T, Eren AM Co-first authors
- A Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) study that reveals unexpected parallels between the adaptive ecological processes that shape the recipient gut microbial composition after FMT and those that influence microbial diversity in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD).
- Includes an observation that links the presence of superior metabolic competence in bacterial populations to their expansion in IBD.
- Here is a Twitter thread by Andrea that explains the key points of the study, and here is another one by Meren that details what are the critical learnings from it.
📚 Genome Biology, 24(78) | 🔍 Google Scholar | 🔗 doi:10.1186/s13059-023-02924-x

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our bioinformatics workflow.

Raw and/or reproducible data items

  • We deposited the raw sequencing data for donor and recipient metagenomes under the NCBI BioProject PRJNA701961 (see Supplementary Table 1 for accession numbers and the details of each sample).
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14331236: Data products that give reproducible access to donor and recipient metagenomes, metagenome-assembled genomes, and read recruitment results.
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14225840: Data products that give reproducible access to genomes and their metabolic potential we have used to investigatie metabolic competence among microbes from healthy individuals and individuals with IBD.
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14138405: Supplementary Tables.

Niche partitioning in the human oral cavity

Functional and genetic markers of niche partitioning among enigmatic members of the human oral microbiome Shaiber A, Willis AD, Delmont TO, Roux S, Chen L, Schmid AC, Yousef M, Watson AR, Lolans K, Esen ÖC, Lee STM, Downey N, Morrison HG, Dewhirst FE, Mark Welch JL, Eren AM Co-senior authors
- A multi-omics study that combines genome-resolved metagenomics, pangenomics, phylogenomics, and microbial population genetics to investigate the ecology and evolution of Saccharibacteria (TM7) in the human oral cavity, and offers a formal description of 'functional enrichment' statistic for phylogenomics and pangenomics.
- Demonstrates that TM7s split into tongue specialists and plaque specialists, and plaque TM7s group with environmental TM7s, leading to an hypothesis that the dental plaque may have served as a stepping stone for environmental microbes to adapt to host environments at least for some clades of microbes
- "Microbes in dental plaque look more like relatives in soil than those on the tongue", EurekAlert.
- Anonymous reviewer comments and responses.
Genome Biology, 21:292.

Raw and/or reproducible data items

Accurate and complete genomes from metagenomes

Accurate and complete genomes from metagenomes Chen L, Anantharaman K, Shaiber A, Eren AM, Banfield JF
- A review on genome-resolved metagenomics that discusses the importance of using assembly and careful binning strategies to study metagenomes.
- Case studies include a demonstration of how single-copy core genes can fail to predict the quality of metagenome-assembled genomes, and automated strategies that yield tens of thousands of metagenome-assembled genomes will include extensive contamination.
- Promotes approaches to reconstruct 'complete' genomes from metagenomes and the use of GC skew as a metric for checking genome correctness.
- Tutorial on scaffold extension and gap closing, reproducible workflow for binning and phylogenomics of a Parcubacterium genome from human blood metagenomes.
Genome Research, 30(3):315-333.

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to the bioinformatics workflow that details the reconstruction of a CPR genome from human blood cell-free DNA metagenomes, and it phylogenomic placement. gives access to a step-by-step procedure for scaffold extension and gap closing to dramatically improve the quality of metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs).

Population Genetics of SAR11 through SAAVs

Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade. Delmont, T. O., Kiefl, E., Kilinc, O., Esen, Ö. C., Uysal, I., Rappé, M. S., Giovannoni, S., and Eren, A. M.
- A study that introduces 'single-amino acid variants' (SAAVs) and demonstrates the use of SAAVs to tease apart evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography and genomic heterogeneity within a SAR11 population through metagenomics.
- A first attempt to link population genetics and the predicted protein structures to explore in silico the intersection beetween protein biochemistry and evolutionary processes acting on an environmental microbe.
- An application of metapangenomics to define subclades of SAR11 based on gene content and ecology.
- Reproducible bioinformatics workflow is here. Reviewer criticism and our responses are also available.
eLife. 8:e46497

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our complete bioinformatics workflow.

Raw and/or reproducible data items

Refining Metagenome-Assembled Genomes

Composite metagenome-assembled genomes reduce the quality of public genome repositories. Shaiber, A., and Eren, A. M.
- A letter that stresses that the composite metagenome-assembled genomes influence phylogenomic, pangenomic, and ecological insights (peer reviews and responses).
- A reproducible workflow to detail the steps of genome refinement and make available the refined versions of some key genomes.
mBio. 10(3) e00725-19

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our complete bioinformatics workflow.

A multi’omics Spiroplasma analysis

Genome-resolved insights into a novel Spiroplasma symbiont of the Wheat Stem Sawfly. Yeoman, C. J., Brutscher, L. M., Esen, Ö. C., Ibaoglu, F., Fowler, C., Eren, A. M., Wanner, K., and Weaver, D. K.
- A study that uses (1) genome-resolved metagenomics to reconstruct a population genome from fly metagenomes that resolves to the genus Spiroplasma, (2) pangenomics to put this genome in the context of other Spiroplasma genomes, (3) phylogenomics to infer ancestral relationships between Spiroplasma genomes, and (4) includes an ANI-based distance estimation between all genomes for comprehensive reporting.
- It is a particularly good example that demonstrates how pangenomics can reveal appropriate targets for high-resolution phylogenomics.
- A fully reproducible bioinformatics workflow for this multi'omics analysis is here. Anvi'o databases to interactively reproduce and explore the Spiroplasma pangenome is also available.
PeerJ. 7:e7548

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to the complete bioinformatics workflow we used in this study.

A Wolbachia Plasmid

The Wolbachia mobilome in Culex pipiens includes a putative plasmid. Reveillaud, R., Bordenstein, S. R., Cruaud, C., Shaiber, A., Esen, Ö. C., O. C., Weill, M., Makoundou, P., Lolans, K., Watson, A. R., Rakotoarivony, I., Bordenstein, S. R., and Eren, A. M.
- The first report of a Wolbachia plasmid through genome-resolved metagenomics on microsurgically removed individual mosquito ovary samples (peer reviews and responses).
- Yet another application of metapangenomics and an applicatoin of minION long-read sequencing on extremely low-biomass samples.
- Reproducible bioinformatics workflow with all data items, and a 'behind the paper' blog post by Julie Reveillaud.
Nature Communications. 10:1051

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our complete bioinformatics workflow.

Raw and/or reproducible data items

The Prochlorococcus Metapangenome

Linking pangenomes and metagenomes: the Prochlorococcus metapangenome. Delmont, T. O., and Eren, A. M.
- A big-data study in which a pangenome of 31 Prochlorococcus isolates meets 31 billion Tara Oceans metagenomic sequences (Peer-review history).
- Metapangenomes reveal to what extent genes that may be linked to the ecology and fitness of microbes are conserved within a phylogenetic clade.
- Reproducible bioinformatics workflow.
PeerJ. 6:e4320

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our complete bioinformatics workflow.

Raw and/or reproducible data items

Genomes from Tara Oceans Metagenomes

Nitrogen-fixing populations of Planctomycetes and Proteobacteria are abundant in the surface ocean metagenomes. Delmont, T. O., Quince, C., Shaiber, A., Esen, Ö. C., Lee, S. T. M., Rappé, M. S., McLellan, S. L., Lücker, S., and Eren, A. M.
- First genomic evidence for abundant and widespread non-cyanobacterial nitrogen-fixing populations in the surface ocean.
- Nearly 1,000 non-redundant, high-quality bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic population genomes from TARA Oceans metagenomes.
- A "behind the paper" blog post by Meren, a press release by the MBL, and an extensive description of the bioinformatics workflow.
Nature Microbiology. 3:804–813

Reproducible bioinformatics workflow gives access to our complete bioinformatics workflow.

Raw and/or reproducible data items

  • The original TARA Oceans metagenomes are available through the European Bioinformatics Institute (ERP001736) and NCBI (PRJEB1787).
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4902920: Our raw assembly outputs per region.
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4902917: All amino acid sequences in our raw assemblies.
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4902923: FASTA files for 957 non-redundant metagenome-assembled genomes.
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4902941: Self contained anvi’o profiles for each non-redundant MAG (each of which can be visualized interactively through the program anvi-interactive offline).
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4902926: A static HTML output for the anvi’o merged profile database for non-redundant MAGs (double-click the index.html file after download).
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4902938: Main and Supplementary Tables and Figures. Which includes Figure 1 (geographically bounded metagenomic co-assemblies), Figure 2 (the nexus between phylogeny and function of HBDs), Figure 3 (Phylogeny of nitrogen fixation genes), Figure 4 (the abundance of nitrogen-fixing populations of Planctomycetes and Proteobacteria across oceans), Supplementary Figure 1 (phylogenetic analysis of nifH genes), Supplementary Table 1 (the summary of the 93 metagenomes from TARA Oceans, and the twelve geographic regions they represent), Supplementary Table 2 (the summary of the co-assembly and binning outputs for each metagenomic set), Supplementary Table 3 (genomic features of 957 MAGs from the non-redundant genomic database including the taxonomy for each MAG, the mean coverage, relative distribution, detection and number of recruited reads for each MAG across the 93 metagenomes, etc), Supplementary Table 4 (the 16S rRNA gene sequence identified in HBD-09), Supplementary Table 5 (genomic features, Pearson correlation (based on the relative distribution in 93 metagenomes), Supplementary Table 6 (RAST subsystems and KEGG modules for the nine HBDs), Supplementary Table 7 (nifH gene sequences in MAGs, orphan scaffolds, as well as the reference sequence γ-24774A11, along with their mean coverage across the 93 metagenomes), Supplementary Table 8 (Genomic features of 30,244 bins manually characterized from the 12 metagenomic sets. Completion and redundancy estimates are based on the average of four bacterial single-copy gene collections), Supplementary Table 9 (KEGG annotation for 1,077 MAGs), and Supplementary Table 10 (Relative distribution of 1,077 MAGs across the 93 metagenomes).
  • An interactive visualization for the phylogenomic analysis of 432 Proteobacteria and 43 Planctomycetes metagenome-assembled genomes from our database of 957 non-redundant MAGs is also available: here.

Genome-resolved Fecal Microbiota Transplantation

Tracking microbial colonization in fecal microbiota transplantation experiments via genome-resolved metagenomics. Lee, S. T. M., Kahn, S. A., Delmont, T. O., Shaiber, A., Esen, Ö. C., Hubert, N. A., Morrison, H. G., Antonopoulos, D. A., Rubin, D. T., and Eren, A. M.
- An FMT study with metagenome-assembled genomes (see public data).
- Bacteroidales: high-colonization rate. Clostridiales: low colonization rate. Colonization success is negatively correlated with the number of genes related to sporulation.
- MAGs with the same taxonomy showed different colonization properties, highlighting the importance of high-resolution analyses.
- Populations colonized both recipients were also prevalent in the HMP cohort (and the ones that did not, distribute sporadically across the HMP cohort).
Microbiome. 5:50

Raw and/or reproducible data items

  • While the accession ID SRP093449 serves serves the raw shotgun metagenomic data through NCBI’s Short Read Archive, this FigShare collection gives access to all public data items detailed below.
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4792633: Files for anvi’o manual interactive for a quick visualization of the distribution of 92 donor MAGs from Lee and Khan et al study (panel a in the figure above). Follow these steps for a quick interactive visualization:
# download the file

# unpack

# go into the directory

# run anvi-interacive
anvi-interactive -p profile.db \
                 -s samples.db \
                 -t tree.txt \
                 -d data.txt \
                 --manual \
                 --title "The distribution of 92 donor MAGs"
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4792627: A static HTML output for the anvi’o merged profile database for the 92 donor MAGs. This static web site contains FASTA files for MAGs, coverage and detection values, functional annotations, and other essential information.
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4792621: The full anvi’o merged profile and contigs databases for the 92 donor MAGs (for each MAG gives access to the detailed information shown in panel b and panel c in the figure above). Among many other things you can do with these anvi’o files, you can use the program anvi-refine to study any MAG in the study in detail. MAGs are described in a collection named MAGs. Here is a quick example:
# download the merged anvi'o profile for the study

# unpack the archive, and get into the directory

# take a look at the MAGs stored in the profile
anvi-script-get-collection-info -p PROFILE.db -c CONTIGS.db -C MAGs
Auxiliary Data ...............................: Found: CONTIGS.h5 (v. 1)
Contigs DB ...................................: Initialized: CONTIGS.db (v. 8)

Bins in collection "MAGs"
FMT-Donor_MAG_00027 :: PC: 95.98%, PR: 3.30%, N: 129, S: 1,914,574, D: bacteria (0.99)
FMT-Donor_MAG_00069 :: PC: 82.93%, PR: 7.68%, N: 154, S: 1,168,783, D: bacteria (0.91)
FMT-Donor_MAG_00025 :: PC: 96.34%, PR: 3.99%, N: 139, S: 2,740,980, D: bacteria (1.00)
FMT-Donor_MAG_00068 :: PC: 76.07%, PR: 0.72%, N: 109, S: 1,012,764, D: bacteria (0.77)
FMT-Donor_MAG_00041 :: PC: 89.80%, PR: 3.63%, N: 282, S: 2,471,626, D: bacteria (0.93)
FMT-Donor_MAG_00010 :: PC: 100.00%, PR: 4.38%, N: 224, S: 3,125,246, D: bacteria (1.04)

# pick one, and visualize it interactively
anvi-refine -p PROFILE.db -c CONTIGS.db -C MAGs -b FMT-Donor_MAG_00054

# which should play out just like in the following video

This is what you should see after entering the last command in your terminal:

  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4793761: Individual anvi’o profiles for the occurrence of each the FMT donor MAG across 151 HMP gut metagenomes (for each MAG gives access to the information shown in panel d in the figure above).
  • doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4792645: Individual figures that show the detection of 92 donor MAGs in 151 HMP gut metagenomes.

Bacteroides in Pouchitis

Patient-specific Bacteroides genome variants in pouchitis. Vineis, J. H., Ringus, D. L., Morrison, H. G., Delmont, T. O., Dalal, S., Raffals, L. H., Antonopoulos, D. A., Rubin, D. T., Eren, A. M., Chang, E. B., and Sogin, M. L mBio. 7(6):e01713-16

Raw and/or reproducible data items

A blog post on data reproducibility

A blog post on how (and why) to reproduce these data: Bacteroides Genome Variants, and a reproducible science exercise with anvi’o.

For an example on how to re-analyze these anvi’o profiles, please click here.

Tardigrade Assembly Re-analysis

Identifying contamination with advanced visualization and analysis practices: metagenomic approaches for eukaryotic genome assemblies. Delmont, T. O., and Eren, A. M.
- A holistic approach to visualize and curate genomic and metagenomic assemblies.
- A re-analysis of the first released Tardigrade genome reveals a likely symbiont among other contaminants.
- A practical approach to estimate the number bacterial genomes in an assembly.
PeerJ. 4:e1839

Raw and/or reproducible data items

  • This link will download the archive file for anvi’o profile for merged datasets (221 Mb). The run script in this archive will automatically start the anvi’o interactive interface, and draw Figure 1 (compatible with anvi’o v1.2.2, for which a docker container is available).
  • Visit this adress to view the anvi’o summary for genomic selections in Figure 1. Alternatively, you can use this address to download this static HTML output to view on your own computer.
  • Following links give access to the individual genome files:

  • This link will download everything necessary to recreate -an unpolished version of- Figure 2 appears in the manuscript, including the run script that will run the process automatically (compatible both with v1 and v2 branches of anvi’o).
  • Following links give access to media files and supplementary tables:
    • Figure 1. Holistic assessment of the tardigrade genome release from Boothby et al. (2015). Dendrogram in the center organizes scaffolds based on sequence composition and coverage values in data from 11 DNA libraries. Scaffolds larger than 40 kbp were split into sections of 20 kbp for visualization purposes. Splits are displayed in the first inner circle and GC-content (0-71%) in the second circle. In the following 11 layers, each bar represents the portion of scaffolds covered by short reads in a given sample. The next layer shows the same information for RNA-Seq data. Scaffolds harboring genes used by Boothby et al. to support the expended HGT hypothesis is shown in the next layer. Finally, the most outer layer shows our selections of scaffolds as draft genome bins: the curated tardigrade genome (selection number 1), as well as three near-complete bacterial genomes originating from various contamination sources (selection number 2, 3, and 4).
    • Figure 2. Occurrence of the 139 bacterial single-copy genes reported by Campbell et al. (2013) across scaffold collections. The top two plots display the frequency and distribution of single-copy genes in the raw tardigrade genomic assembly generated by Boothby et al. (2015), and Koutsovoulos et al. (2015), respectively. The bottom two plots display the same information for each of the curated tardigrade genomes. Each bar represents the squared-root normalized number of significant hits per single-copy gene. The same information is visualized as box-plots on the left side of each plot.
    • Supplementary Figire 1. Visualization and curation of the raw tardigrade genome assembly from Koutsovoulos et al. (2015). In the left panel (curation step I), 24,841 scaffolds that were longer than 1 kbp from the raw assembly were clustered based on sequence composition and coverage values in data from the two Illumina sequencing libraries (the inner dendrogram). Scaffolds longer than 40 kbp were split into sections of 20 kbp for visualization purposes. The second layer shows the GC-content for each scaffold. Next two view layers represent the log-normalized mean coverage values for scaffolds in the two sequencing datasets. Finally, our scaffold selections (tardigrade draft 01 and six bacterial draft genomes) are displayed in the outer layer. In the right panel (curation step II), the 15,839 scaffolds from the tardigrade selection from step I were clustered based on sequence composition only for a more precise curation. Additional scaffold selections (tardigrade draft 02 and two bacterial draft genomes) are displayed in the outer layer.
    • Supplementary Table 1. *Summary of H. dujardini and bacterial genomes identified from the raw assembly results of Boothby et al. (2015) and Koutsovoulos et al. (2015). * Inferred from Boothby et al. (2015) and Koutsovoulos et al. (2015) publications. ** Scores were calculated using bacterial single copy genes from Campbell et al. (2013) and are only used to assess bacterial contamination levels in the eukaryotic assembly results.
    • Supplementary Table 2. Summary of functions identified by RAST in the bacterial draft genome #2 (selection #3 in Fig. 1).
    • Supplementary Table 3. Summary of HMM hits for each bacterial single-copy gene (collection of 139 from Campbell et al. (2013)) identified in 1) the raw assembly by Boothby et al. (2015), 2) the raw assembly by Koutsovoulos et al. (2015), 3) the curated draft genome of Hypsibius dujardini from Boothby et al. assembly in this study, and 4) the curated draft genome of H. dujardini from Koutsovoulos et al. (2015).

Everything mentioned on this page can be cited using doi 10.6084/m9.figshare.2067057.

Anvi’o Methods Paper

Anvi’o: An advanced analysis and visualization platform for ‘omics data. Eren, A. M., Esen, Ö. C., Quince, C., Vineis, J. H., Morrison, H. G., Sogin, M. L., and Delmont, T. O.
- The methods paper for anvi'o.
- Binning, and single-nucleotide variant analysis of a human gut time series metagenome.
- Re-analysis of cultivar genomes, metagenomes, and metatranscriptomes associated with the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
PeerJ. 6:358

Raw and/or reproducible data items

The anvi’o profiles here will run with a much earlier version of anvi’o. If you would like to work with them, please checkout your anvi’o codebase to this commit. Please don’t hesitate to write us if you need assistance.

Daily Infant Gut Samples by Sharon et al.

Raw data and anvi’o results for the section on supervised binning and the analysis of the variability in genome bins.

Pensacola Beach Samples by Overholt et al. and Rodriguez-R et al.

Raw data and anvi’o results for the section on linking cultivar genomes with metagenomes.

  • While this address gives access to the anvi’o summary of the ten cultivar genomes (download), this one serves the 56 metagenomic bins (download) shown in Figure 4.
  • You can download the output of anvi-merge for the mapping of metagenomes to Overholt cultivars from here, and the output for anvi-merge for metagenomic bins is available here.

Gulf of Mexico Samples by Mason et al., and Yergeau et al.

Results for the section on linking metagenomes, metatranscriptomes, and single-cell genomes.

Media and Supplementary files